Camera settings technical knowledge


Before setting up of lighting in the studio, you have to make sure you set your camera settings correct. Activete Manual Mode on your camera in order to ensure you can change the following settings:
  • Aperture
  • Shutter speed
  • ISO
You should have a basic understanding of the full f-stops for your camera. They are typically as follows: f1.4, f2, f2.8, f4, f5.6, f8, f11, f16, f22, and f32.
If it’s hard to memorize, try this tip:
Memorize f1.4 and f2, then multiply everything afterward by two. For example, f1.4 x f2 = f2.8 and f2.8 x f2 = f5.6.
Don’t worry if it’s confusing at first. After a little practice, it will become second nature and make light metering your subject a lot easier.
In addition to learning the full f-stops for your camera, you should also know the equivalent shutter speeds to your f-stops and the different amounts of ISO there are for your camera.

For studio work, most of the time you will be using ISO 100 and a shutter speed of 125th/sec. The reason for this is because the high voltage of the strobes will be so bright, anything above ISO 100 will most likely result in an overexposed image. Additionally, anything slower than 125th/sec for your shutter speed will generally result in an overexposed image. If you were to have a shutter speed slower than 125th/sec, it will create a black gradient over the image, cutting it in half.

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